One of the “must do’s” on setting a secure Apache web server is to disable directory browsing, because the default indexing is enabled in Apache web server. Generally, this happens, when there is no index (default) file is available in the directory (ex: index.html, index.php…).
Then Apache doesn’t understand, which file to display on page and list all files on-page. You can see the below screenshot as there is no index file available. Therefore, directory listing or browsing should be disabled as soon as you finish installing your Apache web.
Disable Directory Listing in Apache
To disable the directory listing for a specific directory, add the following settings in Apache Virtual Host or create a .htaccess file in that directory with below content. The Options -Indexes disabled the listing of files on the website if an index file is missing.
In Apache Virtual Host:
In .htaccess file:
While using the .htaccess, make sure that Apache server is enabled to use .htaccess files for that directory. In most cases, .htaccess is disabled by default.
Finally, reload the Apache service after doing changes in Virtual host to apply changes. The .htaccess changes will apply immediately without reloading service.